What is Full Spectrum Hemp CBD?
Full spectrum hemp CBD has attracted a lot of attention recently. It’s been at times heralded, as a cure-all, as a panacea; other times, it’s utility has been questioned, compared to traditional modes of treatment, even to other alternative treatments.
The newness of CBD products leaves people with plenty of questions. What is CBD? There are so many compounds -- it can feel like you’re awash in a sea of acronyms as you try to educate yourself on the topic -- what are the effects of the individual components? Is one compound the most important, or more important than the others? Is CBD legal? Will CBD get me high?
We mean it when we say our mission is to help you chill, yo. That’s why we’ve put together this handy guide to what we hope is every question you might have about CBD and how it can affect your body, mind and spirit.
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What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is one of hundreds of phytocannabinoids, compounds unique to the cannabis plant. In total, these compounds are responsible for the plant’s long history of use as a medicine.
CBD works to provide therapeutic effects by interacting with our bodies’ endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system, with its receptors present throughout your body, plays a key role in regulating physiological processes -- everything from your mood and energy level to your metabolism to how you process feelings and stimuli ranging from pain to hunger to stress to anxiety.
These processes are affected by compounds in our body called endogenous cannabinoids (or, endocannabinoids; it’s always nice when things make sense, isn’t it?). These compounds are naturally found in your body and are very similar to those derived from the cannabis plant.
Is CBD legal?
Unambiguously, yes. CBD is legal in all 50 states.
The confusion over CBD’s legal status is understandable. For a long time -- as far back as the 1970 Controlled Substances Act -- cultivation of the cannabis plant and exploitation of its afterproducts was explicitly illegal.
It wasn’t until recently that farmers and scientists have been able to carry out research into the potential benefits of hemp and hemp-derived products such as CBD extracts. The first move toward openness came In 2014, when the US Congress passed a Farm Bill that allowed for the creation of a heavily regulated hemp cultivation industry. This step was taken explicitly in order to facilitate research into the crop’s potential commercial uses.
A second all-important step came in the 2018 Farm Bill, which effectively treats hemp like any other crop, with a key stipulation. Legislators and public health advocates have defined hemp as cannabis plants that contain no more than 0.3% THC. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the chemical compound in the cannabis sativa plant that is associated with getting you “high”. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, any cannabis plant with less than 0.3% THC is an acceptable commodity, while any plant with greater than 0.3% THC is considered marijuana, and is thus subject to different, far more restrictive, state and federal laws and regulations.
Full Spectrum Hemp CBD vs. CBD Isolate
The freedom for scientists to study the effects and potential uses of CBD already has led to important findings. One of the most interesting studies, published in 2015, measured the effectiveness of full spectrum hemp CBD vs. CBD isolate.
In short, CBD oil contains predominantly cannabidiol, or CBD. That “predominantly” is all important here, though. In addition to cannabidiol, natural full spectrum hemp CBD also contains a range of additional cannabinoids, while CBD isolate is produced by heating full spectrum hemp CBD and effectively burning off the minor cannabinoids, leaving only the one cannabidiol note in place of the full symphony of cannabinoids.
The thinking, we guess, is something like this:
Much like a cowbell might, on its own, be just one odd note, CBD isolate will provide some relief. Full spectrum hemp CBD, on the other hand, benefits from the “symphony” or “entourage” effect, where the presence of lesser compounds accentuates the palliative effects and provides additional, unique benefits.
Just how many minor players are there in the CBD “symphony”? This chart gives a hint at the true complexity of full spectrum hemp cbd:
CBD is the major player, but it’s hardly the only player. The minor cannabinoids provide a range of benefits, many of them in addition to or made more effective by their co-occurrence alongside CBD.
While not a wonder drug, full spectrum hemp CBD includes cannabinoids that have been shown to provide varied benefits. These benefits can be as seemingly minor as cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabichromene (CBC) promoting bone density -- essential as we age to maintain an active lifestyle; they can also be more substantial -- for instance, cannabidiolic acid (CBDa) has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
Of course, cannabinoids are not the only compounds in full spectrum hemp CBD. As with most plant extracts, there are also a range of vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids (like omega 3 and omega 6, which are necessary but which the body can’t produce itself) and terpenes that naturally occur in the cannabis plant.
Terpenes are flavorful and aromatic, but their positive impact goes beyond making for a more pleasant taste experience. Thanks to the same entourage effect that benefits how your body processes the cannabinoids in full spectrum hemp CBD, terpenes such as limonene, pinene and others also provide antibacterial protection and can improve the quality of your sleep.
Will Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Get Me High?
There are a lot of compounds in full spectrum hemp CBD. Obviously. We just spilled over 900 words worth of digital ink describing them all! And you read every single one of them. Congratulations and thank you!
What’s the one compound that isn’t in full spectrum hemp CBD? Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the chemical compound found in marijuana that provides a psychoactive effect -- basically, it’s the part of marijuana that gets you high. THC is virtually absent in full spectrum hemp CBD, present only in amounts less than 0.3%.
This is not a result of any processing or removal -- full spectrum hemp CBD includes all of the compounds found in the male cannabis sativa plant. THC, however, is only produced in significant volume by the female of the species.
One important note -- although full spectrum hemp CBD will not get you “high”, continued use over time can lead to a false positive drug test. THC builds up in your body over time, but the time of exposure to return a positive drug test when consuming full spectrum hemp CBD, which contains such a vanishingly small percentage of THC, is significant.
Is Full Spectrum Hemp CBD FDA Approved?
One of our guiding principles in developing our formula for Chilyo’s environmental response skincare products was, “All of the good stuff, none of the bad stuff.” Pretty simple, yes; and equally powerful.
That basic principle means a lot to us. For one, our formulas are free of parabens, sulfates, phthalates -- all the “bad for you” stuff.
For another, it was important to us that we be able to assure our customers that the entire production of our full spectrum hemp CBD skincare and pain relief products were manufactured to the most exacting standards. That’s why every Chilyo product is manufactured in an FDA-approved facility right here in the United States.
In the 2018 Farm Bill, the US Congress reconsidered the Schedule I narcotic status of hemp-derived products. Although cannabinoids, and CBD in general, remain a Schedule I product, the bill provides important exceptions, to where CBD and other hemp-derived products are legal if the hemp is sourced from a licensed grower who is in compliance with all federal and state regulations.
However, because it is not considered a narcotic -- outside of pharmaceutical-grade exceptions like Epidiolex, the anti-seizure drug -- and rather is only classified as a “natural ingredient”, full spectrum hemp CBD and products using it do not require FDA approval. We take the important step of using only FDA-certified manufacturing facilities to provide you, our customer, with the peace of mind that comes from healthy government oversight.
Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Sounds Awesome! What Next?
If you’re interested in feeling better, and looking better, you have your answer. You can read more about how Chilyo works to improve your physical and mental health here.
We also have you covered if you’re curious about the aid an environmental response skincare regimen can give to you.